Just before sunset, on Oct. 31, 1903, a sheriff’s posse and a band of Oglala Sioux families from the Pine Ridge Reservation engaged in a brief, sharp gunfight near Lightning Creek, northeast of Douglas, Wyo. Seven people died, and a U.S. Senate investigation followed.
People & Peoples
Browse Articles about People & Peoples
|Baker, Jim. Frontier Scout||Lori Van Pelt|
|Barber, Amos||Wyoming State Archives|
|Barlow, Bill||Rebecca Hein|
|Barrett, Frank||Wyoming State Archives|
|Barrow, Merris, editor of Bill Barlow’s Budget||Rebecca Hein|
|Baxter, George||Wyoming State Archives|
|Belden, Charles, photographer||Lori Van Pelt|
|Bell, Tom, High Country News editor and publisher||Marjane Ambler|
|Bellamy, Mary Godat||Wyoming Legislative Service Office|
|Big Horn River Pilot, early Thermopolis, Wyo. newspaper||Rebecca Hein|
People & Peoples
In the 1860s, the Eastern Shoshone people signed two treaties with the U.S. government. The first set aside vast holdings for them. Just five years later, as the transcontinental railroad was approaching, a second treaty established a Shoshone reservation in the Wind River valley—with less than a tenth the earlier amount of land.
Recent, surprising discoveries including a prehistoric village in the Wind River Range above Dubois, Wyo., suggest humans—most likely ancestors of today’s Shoshone people—lived high-mountain lives as long as 10,000 years ago.
Carrie Burton Overton, the first female African-American student at the University of Wyoming, triumphed over poverty and race prejudice in the course of her long life. After training as a stenographer at UW, she earned music diplomas from Howard University and the Juilliard School and, later, bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Columbia University.
In 1919, Lt. Col. Dwight D. Eisenhower and an Army truck convoy crossed Wyoming and the nation to determine the condition of the nation’s roads—which were terrible. In the 1950s, with memories of that trip vivid in his mind, President Eisenhower successfully pushed Congress to back a system of interstate highways.