In 1913, department-store tycoon Rodman Wanamaker and photographer Joseph Dixon hatched the idea of a statue of an American Indian in New York harbor higher than the Statue of Liberty—as a memorial to what they saw as a “vanishing race.” Dixon subsequently toured and photographed 89 Indian reservations—including Wyoming’s Shoshone Reservation—leaving a valuable record.
People & Peoples
Browse Articles about People & Peoples
|Carey, Robert||Wyoming State Archives|
|Carlisle, Bill||Lori Van Pelt|
|Carson, Kit, in Wyoming and the West||Tom Rea|
|Chatterton, Fenimore||Wyoming State Archives|
|Cheney, Dick, biography of||Geoffrey O’Gara|
|Cheyenne, Northern, return from Oklahoma||Gerry Robinson|
|Cheyennes tribes come together after Sand Creek||Tom Rea|
|Churches, African-American in Rock Springs||Brie Blasi|
|Clark, Alonzo||Wyoming State Archives|
|Clark, Clarence Don||Barbara Allen Bogart|
People & Peoples
Just before sunset, on Oct. 31, 1903, a sheriff’s posse and a band of Oglala Sioux families from the Pine Ridge Reservation engaged in a brief, sharp gunfight near Lightning Creek, northeast of Douglas, Wyo. Seven people died, and a U.S. Senate investigation followed.
In the 1860s, the Eastern Shoshone people signed two treaties with the U.S. government. The first set aside vast holdings for them. Just five years later, as the transcontinental railroad was approaching, a second treaty established a Shoshone reservation in the Wind River valley—with less than a tenth the earlier amount of land.
Recent, surprising discoveries including a prehistoric village in the Wind River Range above Dubois, Wyo., suggest humans—most likely ancestors of today’s Shoshone people—lived high-mountain lives as long as 10,000 years ago.
Carrie Burton Overton, the first female African-American student at the University of Wyoming, triumphed over poverty and race prejudice in the course of her long life. After training as a stenographer at UW, she earned music diplomas from Howard University and the Juilliard School and, later, bachelor’s and master’s degrees from Columbia University.