Just before sunset, on Oct. 31, 1903, a sheriff’s posse and a band of Oglala Sioux families from the Pine Ridge Reservation engaged in a brief, sharp gunfight near Lightning Creek, northeast of Douglas, Wyo. Seven people died, and a U.S. Senate investigation followed.
Browse Articles about Conflict
|Black 14, the||Phil White|
|Black, Dr. Willie, Chancellor of the Black Student Alliance in 1969, on the Black 14||Wyoming State Archives|
|Boissevain, Inez Milholland, suffragist and orator||Lesley Wischmann|
|Bozeman Trail, brief history||Marilyn J. Drew|
|Bridger Trail||James A. Lowe, Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office|
|Buffalo Bill and the Pony Express||Tom Rea|
|Buffalo Soldiers, Wyoming and the West||Tom Rea|
|Campbell, John, first territorial governor of Wyoming||Tom Rea|
|Cantonment Reno||Lori Van Pelt, WyomingHeritage.org|
|Carson, Kit, in Wyoming and the West||Tom Rea|
In the 1860s, the Eastern Shoshone people signed two treaties with the U.S. government. The first set aside vast holdings for them. Just five years later, as the transcontinental railroad was approaching, a second treaty established a Shoshone reservation in the Wind River valley—with less than a tenth the earlier amount of land.
Wyoming sent four infantry companies and an artillery battery to the Philippines in 1898 during the Spanish-American War. The troops saw minor skirmishes against Filipino insurgents after the Spanish were defeated. All told, three Wyoming troops were killed, 12 died of disease and 75 more were discharged due to wounds or illness.
Crossing what’s now Wyoming in sub-zero cold, Elizabeth Cumming suffered a badly frostbitten foot in November 1857. She and her husband Alfred—the new governor of Utah Territory—and about 2,000 U.S. troops were unsure if they’d be welcomed in Salt Lake City—or faced with armed resistance.