The JC Penney Company, long among the world’s largest department store chains, traces its roots to a one-room shop in a small Wyoming coal-mining town at the turn of the last century. Penney’s career in Wyoming lasted just a decade, but in 1902, Wyoming provided exactly what young Penney needed to found a chain that has survived, as of 2011, for 109 years.
Business & Industry
Browse Articles about Business & Industry
|Saratoga and Encampment Valley Railroad||Lori Van Pelt|
|Sellett, Mike, Jackson Hole News publisher||Kerry Drake|
|Seminoe Dam, History of||Annette Hein|
|Sheep Business in Wyoming||Samuel Western|
|Sheridan County Coal Camps||Kevin Knapp|
|South Pass City||WyomingHeritage.org, Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office|
|South Pass Gold Rush||Will Bagley|
|Stewardess training, Cheyenne||Michael Kassel, Starley Talbott|
|Swan Land and Cattle Company||Rebecca Hein|
|Swan, Alexander||Rebecca Hein|
Business & Industry
Encyclopedia | In the 1820s and 1830s, what’s now western Wyoming was at the center of the fur trade of the northern Rocky Mountains. Indians, trappers and their suppliers met each summer at a big trade fair called rendezvous, where trappers exchanged their season’s beaver pelts for hardware, whiskey and supplies. By 1840, demand for beaver had disappeared and the species had been nearly rubbed out. But the rendezvous supply routes were already becoming the trails that would bind the nation together.
Encyclopedia | Though the site was an important river crossing on the early frontier, the town of Casper did not begin until 1888, when the Fremont, Elkhorn & Missouri Valley Railroad reached the area. The town immediately became an important shipping point for cattle and wool. The first oil refinery was built in 1895 to process crude oil from the Salt Creek Oil Field, 40 miles to the north. The first true oil boom began after 1910 and lasted through the mid 1920s, and the town’s fortunes have been closely connected to the energy business ever since. In 2010 the city’s population passed 55,000. Casper continues as a retail, medical and energy-industry service hub.