Area 4: The United States During the Civil War (1850s-1860s)
Question: How did the Civil War fundamentally alter the nation?
Lesson Plan Developed By
Michael Redman, St. Stephens Indian School, St. Stephens, Wyo.
- Students will gain a fuller understanding of the clashes between Native Americans and Euro-American newcomers to North America, from the early 1600s to the late 1800s.
- Using maps showing Native territories from early times to the present, students will understand how much land natives lost during that time.
- Students will consider larger questions: Were the Indian Wars necessary? Who won? Could they have been avoided? Why or why not?
We will update the standards spreadsheet as more lesson plans are developed.
One 90-Minute class period or
two 45-minute class periods
- Tribal Nations Map, North America: with pre-European-contact contact names of tribes and locations for them .
- Wyoming Student Atlas: Map of Indigenous Tribes of Wyoming: Tribal territories as defined by 1851 Treaty of Fort Laramie.
- Wyoming Student Atlas: Present Day Native Lands: Present-day reservations in and around Wyoming.
- American-Indian Wars, History.com. A brief overview.
- American Indian Wars, Wikipedia. A much more thorough article. Students should read the introductory paragraphs, the introduction to “West of the Mississippi (1811-1924)” and, time permitting, the sections titled “Background,” “Great Basin,” “Great Plains,” “Colorado War, Sand Creek Massacre and the Sioux War of 1865,” and “Black Hills War.”
- 5 minutes: Doorbell question: What comes to mind when you hear the word “Indian Wars”?
Step by step directions
- 5 minutes: Watch video- https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6vUcXY74mkk.
- 45 minutes: Students will read the articles from History.com and Wikipedia, linked above.
- 10 minutes: Define 10 vocabulary words: Indian wars, First Nations, indigenous peoples, conflict, alliance, homeland, retaliation, genocide, treaty and peace.
- 10 minutes: students will choose 5 vocabulary words and write their own complete sentences using the vocabulary words.
- 10 minutes: Students will have a 10-minute discussion. (Suggest topics)
- 5 minutes: Students will complete their KWL chart.
- Collect their KWL charts; further discussion as needed.