The Online Encyclopedia of Wyoming History



WyoHistory.org is an online historical encyclopedia featuring articles, essays, oral histories and field trips about Wyoming history.

Marjane Ambler moved to Wyoming in 1974 to work with Joan Nice and Bruce Hamilton as an editor of High Country News. She is also a former editor of the Tribal College Journal, a national magazine published by the tribal colleges. Her most recent book, Yellowstone Has Teeth (Riverbend Publishing, 2013), is a memoir of living year-round in the world's first national park. She lives in Atlantic City, Wyo., with her husband, Terry Wehrman, and their dog, Quincy.

Chamois Andersen writes reports and articles for a broad audience concerned about the environment and natural resources. She is currently head of Communications and Outreach for the Wyoming State Geological Survey. Previously, she worked as a public information officer for the University of Wyoming's Environment and Natural Resources Program, as well as for the California Department of Fish and Game and the Colorado Division of Wildlife.

Presently volunteers at the Hanna Basin Museum and with the Carbon Cemetery Association, Nancy Anderson and her husband, Victor, have explored Carbon County history for five decades. Nancy has a B.A. in American Studies and an M.A. in English, both from the University of Wyoming.

Will Bagley was a Wallace Stegner Fellow at the Tanner Humanities Center at the University of Utah in 2008/2009. He has written and edited more than twenty books on overland emigration, frontier violence, railroads, mining, and the Mormons. His University of Oklahoma Press book with David L. Bigler, The Mormon Rebellion: America’s First Civil War, won the 2012 Western Writers of America Spur Award for Best Western Nonfiction Historical and The John Whitmer Historical Association's Smith-Pettit Best Book in Latter Day Saint History Award.

Darcee D. Barnes, an independent researcher and stay-at-home mom of 8, is originally from Lovell, Wyo. and lives in Sandy, Utah. She has BA and MA degrees in history from Brigham Young University. This is her first published article.

Joan Barron covered state government and politics as a reporter for the Casper Star Tribune for 45 years. She retired in late March 2014 and continues to write a weekly column for the same paper.

Bill Barton of the staff of the Wyoming State Archives interviewed Louise Spinner Graf in Green River, Wyo. on July 15, 1975.

Steven Bingo was hired by Washington State University to process and digitize collections related to the Japanese-American incarceration, including the George and Frank C. Hirahara Collection. He has presented his work to the Spokane chapter of the Japanese-American Citizens' League and the Library of Congress American Folklife Center.

MaryJo Birt lives in Wheatland, Wyo., where she teaches middle school history and geography and has been coaching students for National History Day for more than 20 years. A family friend, Paula Qualls, "introduced" Birt to Theresa Jenkins (Qualls’s great-grandmother) and the research took over.

Brigida (Brie) Blasi is a public historian and museum professional. She grew up in southwestern Wyoming and earned a B.A. in Humanities and Fine Arts from the University of Wyoming in 2003. She then went on to earn an M.A. in History with specialization in Public History from New Mexico State University in 2007. After working in museums, historic sites, archives, and historic preservation in New Mexico and Texas for several years, she returned to her home state to become curator and later executive director at the Sweetwater County Historical Museum in Green River. She has also served on the boards and committees of several Wyoming organizations and, most recently, she has returned to the University of Wyoming to join the staff of the American Heritage Center as its public history educator.

Dustin Bleizeffer writes about rural life in the West with an emphasis on energy and the environment. He grew up in Wyoming coal country, worked as a miner, an oilfield mechanic, and for 20 years as a statewide reporter and editor. He was energy reporter at the Casper Star-Tribune, editor-in-chief at WyoFile, and a John S. Knight Journalism fellow at Stanford. He lives in Casper. You can reach him at (307) 267-3327, dustinbleizeffer@gmail.com or follow him on Twitter @DBleizeffer.

Mac Blewer holds a masters degree in cultural and historical geography from the University of Wyoming. His thesis documented Butch Cassidy as an invented tradition of the American West. He is the author of Wyoming's Outlaw Trail, a pictorial history published by Arcadia in 2013.

Dick Blust served in Wyoming law enforcement for more than 30 years. He is now on the staff of the Sweetwater County Historical Museum in Green River.

Barbara Allen Bogart, Ph. D., has worked as a historian and oral historian in Wyoming since 1991. She served on the staff of the Wyoming State Museum, has worked as a consultant for several Wyoming museums and historical societies, and was director of the Uinta County Museum from 2003 to 2009. She is the author of Images of America: Evanston (Charleston, S.C.: Arcadia Publishing Co., 2009) as well as In Place: Stories of Landscape and Identity from the American West (Glendo, Wyo: High Plains Press, 1995).

Robert E. Bonner grew up in Powell, Wyo., and graduated from the University of Wyoming.  He is professor emeritus of history at Carleton College in Northfield, Minn. His book, William F. Cody’s Wyoming Empire: The Buffalo Bill Nobody Knows, was published by the University of Oklahoma Press in 2007.

Jim Brown grew up in Connecticut and holds degrees from Williams College and the University of Southern California, where in 1968 he received a Ph.D. in geology. He joined Conoco as an exploration geologist and worked in Alaska, Colombia, California, Oklahoma City and Denver before transferring to Casper in 1979, where his sons Andrew and Matthew started school. In 1982 he took a Casper College course in Wyoming history, taught by the great storyteller Bill Bragg. Jim transferred overseas in 1984 and returned to Casper 15 years later following exile in London, Scotland, Texas and Oklahoma. He is now retired but maintains an office outside the home to the relief of his wife, Karen. He maintains an interest in Wyoming history, having for the past eight years volunteered in various efforts to locate the site of the Battle of Red Buttes (July 26,1865) west of Casper.

Longtime historic trails scholar Randy Brown is author of Graves and Sites on the Oregon and California Trails (1998) and Inscriptions on Western Emigrant Trails (2004), both published by the Oregon-California Trails Association. A retired schoolteacher, he lives in Douglas, Wyo. and serves as preservation officer for the association’s Wyoming chapter.

Clayton Caden works at the Jackson Hole Historical Society in Jackson, Wyo. Clayton is the Director of Research and Archives, a transplant from Mississippi, who loves finding out more about his adopted state through his work at the Museum.

The Casper College Western History Center (WHC) maintains a collection of primary sources on Wyoming and the West with particular emphasis on Casper and Natrona County. The WHC supports the instructional, institutional and individual needs of students, faculty, staff and the community. The collection is open to the public.

Chip Carlson’s books include Tom Horn: Blood on the Moon and Joe LeFors: “I Slickered Tom Horn.” Carlson was born in Pennsylvania, coincidentally close to the birthplaces of John Coble, Frank Bosler and other major figures in the early Wyoming cattle business. He is a graduate of Colgate University and worked in Mexico, Puerto Rico and the Midwest before moving to Wyoming in 1977. More information on Tom Horn is available at Carlson’s website: www.tom-horn.com.

Fred Chapman has worked in the field of historic preservation, cultural resource management, public archeology, and applied anthropology for the past 45 years.  He teaches at the University of Wyoming, and previously served as the senior archeologist and Native American liaison for the Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office.

Jessica Clark, Ph.D., is an assistant professor of history and political science at Western Wyoming Community College in Rock Springs, Wyo. She is a trained rural historian who specializes in oral history, childhood history and memory studies. She has published several articles in peer-reviewed journals on the history and heritage of Germans from Russia on the Northern Plains. Dr. Clark is the faculty advisor of the Sweet Memories: Research Group at Western. She acknowledges these students for assisting her in researching her contributions to the WyoHistory.org web site.

John Clayton is an independent nonfiction writer in Red Lodge, Montana. He is the author of Natural Rivals: John Muir, Gifford Pinchot, and the Creation of America’s Public Lands(Pegasus Books, 2019). His previous books include The Cowboy Girl: The Life of Caroline Lockhart (University of Nebraska Press, 2007), Stories from Montana’s Enduring Frontier (The History Press, 2013) and Wonderlandscape: Yellowstone National Park and the Evolution of an American Cultural Icon (Pegasus Books, August 2017).

Douglas R. Cubbison, Acting Director and Curator for the Wyoming Veterans Memorial Museum in Casper, Wyo., has published nine books on military history topics and one historic novel. Doug is the President of the Wyoming State Historical Society. He also serves as sheriff of the Casper Posse of Westerners International, on the board of the Fort Caspar Museum Association, and on the board of advisors for the American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming. He is currently working on his next history, on the role of the U.S. Army in Wyoming and Montana during the Indian Wars period.

John Davis practiced law in Worland Wyoming from 1973 until 2016, when he retired. He has written A Vast Amount of Trouble, which chronicles the 1909 Spring Creek Raid; Goodbye, Judge Lynch, which looks at the vexing troubles with vigilantism in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries; Wyoming Range War: The Infamous Invasion of Johnson County (2010); and The Trial of Tom Horn (2016). The last two books were each given the Wyoming State Historical Society Award for historical writing for their respective years of publication.

Historian J. Tom Davis grew up on a farm west of Greybull and now makes his home in Cody. Some years ago he began researching the history of stage lines that ran from railroads to Lander and points in the Big Horn Basin. His book, Glimpses of Greybull’s Past: A History of a Wyoming Railroad Town from 1887 to 1967, won an award in 2004 from the Wyoming State Historical Society. 

Terry A. Del Bene is an archaeologist and freelance writer, who worked for many years for the Bureau of Land Management in Wyoming before retiring to Alaska in 2010. His books include The Donner Party Cookbook; Images of America: Green River, Wyoming and The Settlement of America.

Abby Dotterer, a graduate of Natrona County High School in Casper, is an intern for WyoHistory.org and a student at Franklin & Marshall College in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. She hopes to pursue a career in historical research and writing.

Kerry Drake of Casper is a Wyoming journalist who worked for nearly 40 years as a reporter and editor at the Wyoming Tribune Eagle and Casper Star-Tribune. He writes a weekly column for WyoFile.com.

Marilyn J. Drew is a free-lance writer from Powell, Wyo. She is a graduate of the University of Wyoming, where she studied history in the late 1960s with Prof. T.A. Larson; later she studied at Northwest College in Powell under former NWC Professor Jeremy M. Johnston. She is married to Andy Drew.

Tyler Eastman was a student in University of Wyoming Professor Phil Roberts’s history-writing class when he drafted this article in the spring of 2011.

Jamie Egolf, M.S.W., is a Jungian psychotherapist in Laramie, Wyo. She was active in the Laramie community’s drive in the mid 1980s to save the Cooper mansion, once owned by Hemingway’s friends Richard and Marjorie Cooper, and her interest in Hemingway dates from that time. She has published on such topic as comic superheroes, tapestry art and war heroes, and her presentations have occurred nationally and internationally in Santa Fe, Melbourne, and the US Air Force Academy—most  recently on how Trickster transformed female oppression at the  Seeing Red Conference in Connecticut. 

Robin Everett works as a processing archivist at Wyoming State Archives. Born and raised in Wheatland, she later spent 40 years in Colorado before returning to Cheyenne in 1998, where she retired from AT&T in 2001. Afterward, she got a BA in history at the University of Wyoming and went to work at the archives in 2005.

Linda Graves Fabian is executive secretary of the Wyoming State Historical Society and coauthor of two Arcadia Publishing titles: Douglas and Cheyenne Frontier Days.

Journalist Brodie Farquhar, of Casper, has 37 years of experience covering the West, with public relation stints for the Colorado School of Mines, Crested Butte Mountain Resort and The Nature Conservancy. His specialty is natural resource journalism, buttressed by a master’s degree in natural resource policy from the University of Michigan, where he was a Scripps Fellow for Environmental Journalism. He has covered natural resource issues in the High Plains, Black Hills and Sonoran Desert as well as the Columbia and Snake river drainages and much of the Rocky Mountains. Most recently his work has focused on the greater Yellowstone ecosystem.

Allan Fraser is a consultant in physics and engineering. Most of his career was at The Johns Hopkins University. He lives in Casper, Wyo.

Robert Galbreath is a graduate student at the University of Wyoming pursuing a Master's degree in American Studies.  He grew up in Laramie and Sheridan, Wyo., and became interested in homesteading history while exploring the state's rural roads on his bicycle.  He plans to base his master's thesis on the research he has done on the African-American community of Empire.

A. Dudley Gardner, professor of history and political science at Western Wyoming Community College, earned his Ph. D. from the University of New Mexico in 2000. He has written several articles and books on Wyoming—including, with Vera Flores, Forgotten Frontier: a History of Wyoming Coal Mining, (Boulder, Colo.: Westview Press, 1989). For more information, visit his website on Wyoming history.

Clint Gilchrist is the project manager for the Lander Trail New Fork River Crossing Historical Park. Growing up on a ranch crossed by the Lander Trail sparked a life long interest. He has served on many historical boards and committees since 1997, including stints as president of both the Sublette County Historical Society and the Sublette County Historic Preservation Board.

May Gillies of the Hot Springs County Historical Society interviewed 93-year-old Caroline Fuller, an early-day Thermopolis dentist and schoolteacher, in 1973.

Jefferson Glass lives in Evansville, Wyo. and has written several articles on Casper area figures and sites published in Annals of Wyoming in years past. His greatest historical composition to date is The Life and Times of John Baptiste Richard, published in 2014 by High Plains Press, Glendo, Wyo. 

Cynde Georgen’s family arrived in Johnson County in the early 1890s, and her roots are firmly planted in northern Wyoming. Born in northern California, she attended Northwest College in Powell, Wyo. and Montana State University in Bozeman, and obtained a bachelor’s degree in history from the University of Wyoming in 1978.

She began work at the Trail End State Historic Site in 1988 and has served site superintendent since 1995. She has served as chair of the Colorado-Wyoming Association of Museums, Wyoming representative to the Mountain-Plains Museum Association, and as a member of the Sheridan County Historic Preservation Commission, the Sheridan Heritage Board and the Sheridan County Travel & Tourism Board of Directors.

Her most recent book, In the Shadow of the Bighorns: A History of Early Sheridan and the Goose Creek Valley of Northern Wyoming, was published by the Sheridan County Historical Society in 2010.

Sarah Gorin holds an A.B. in interdisciplinary studies from the University of Missouri-Columbia and an M.A. in American Politics from the University of Wyoming. She has taught political science courses at UW and spent over 30 years as a researcher, organizer and lobbyist for various public interest organizations in Wyoming. 

John Goss has served as director of the Wyoming Veterans Memorial Museum in Casper since 2006. A long military career included time in 2005-06, when his national guard unit was mobilized and sent to Iraq, as deputy commanding officer of an embedded 10-man Military Transition Team with the Iraqi Army’s 2nd Infantry Battalion, 1st Brigade, 1st Division, in the volatile Al Anbar Province. He retired as a major with the Wyoming Army National Guard in 2013.

He holds a degree in anthropology from the University of Wyoming. For five years he and his wife, Lisa, ran a small archeology firm employing up to nine people. He is a lifelong Casper resident with Lisa and their three daughters.

Born and raised in Torrington, Wyo., Michael Griske received a B.S. degree from Regis College in Denver, worked for The Equitable and Knights of Columbus life insurance companies and is now retired. Hs wife, Catherine, passed away in 2015; he has a son, Ryan, and a grandson, Jasper—and has had two manuscripts published by Heritage Books, The Diaries of John Hunton and Lisa & Scott: A Tale of Love . . . and Survival.

Carl Hallberg, reference archivist at the Wyoming State Archives in Cheyenne, also serves as book review editor for the quarterly Annals of Wyoming. He holds a bachelor’s degree in history from Augustana College of Illinois and a master’s degree in history with a concentration in archival management from Colorado State University. He has written many articles on a variety of historical subjects.

Jim Hardee, of Teton Valley, Idaho, is editor of the “The Rocky Mountain Fur Trade Journal,” a scholarly, peer-reviewed publication, and director of the Fur Trade Research Center. He has presented research papers at symposiums and conferences across the nation, and his many books include “Pierre's Hole! The Fur Trade History of Teton Valley, Idaho.”

Carolynne Harris is a museum consultant with more than 20 years of planning and developing new museums, renovations, expansions and content-rich exhibitions. After positions at the Smithsonian Institution, she ran her own consulting business for 12 years, and currently is Vice President running the Museums Practice at Arts Consulting Group in Denver.

Annette Hein is a geology student at Casper College and lives near Casper, Wyo. She recently took third place in the essay competition New Frontiers in Astronomy and Cosmology sponsored by the University of Chicago. Her writing has appeared in the Casper Star-Tribune and Casper Journal.

Ellis Hein is the author of The Woodturner's Project Book (Linden Publishing Company, 2008) and several articles about the art of wood turning as well as numerous articles about the faith of the early Quakers. He lives with his family at the base of Casper Mountain. Ellis also blogs about wood turning at http://woodturnedart.wordpress.com.

Rebecca Hein, assistant editor of WyoHistory.org, is the author of more than 100 published articles and essays, in journals as diverse as The Writer, the CAG Quarterly (California Association for the Gifted), and the American Reporter online. She is the former principal cellist of the Wyoming Symphony Orchestra and wrote arts columns for the Casper Star-Tribune from 2000-2006. She blogs about the connection between music and writing at www.musicofwriting.wordpress.com, and about the special needs of gifted children at www.caseofbrilliance.wordpress.com.

Marguerite Herman has worked in education, communication and advocacy for many years and maintains an interest in all three. She reported for The Associated Press in Columbia, S.C., and later in Cheyenne, and is author of A Look at Wyoming Government (League of Women Voters, 2006.) She has been the federal legislative chair for the Wyoming PTA and is the legislative lobbyist for League of Women Voters in Wyoming. She lives in Cheyenne.

Tamsen Emerson Hert has been researching the cultural history of Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks for many years. She is a recognized authority on Yellowstone history. Mrs. Hert holds a Master’s Degree in history from Emporia [Kansas] State University and a Masters Degree in Library Science from the same institution. She is currently working on a comprehensive history of Yellowstone’s hotels, lodges and camps.

Lynn Houze served as assistant curator at the Buffalo Bill Historical Center until she retired early in 2013, and before that as assistant curator of the Park County Historical Society Archives, from 1992 to 1999. Her books include two pictorial histories for Arcadia Publishing: Images of America: Cody (2008), and Cody, Then and Now (2011), and she is a coauthor of Buffalo Bill’s Town in the Rockies: a pictorial history of Cody’s first 100 years (Virginia Beach, Va.: Donning Company, 1996).

Alexandra Hullinger, an undergraduate at the University of Wyoming from Gillette, Wyo., is majoring in history with a museum studies minor.

In 2020, Dr. Rebecca A. Hunt retired from UC Denver where she taught Colorado, Denver and immigration history as well as public history and museum studies. She is now a full-time freelance historian and writer.

In 2011 she published Wyoming Medical Center, and Natrona County: People, Place and TimeCasper Chronicles II was a 2017 project. Casper Mountain Ski History: A Community of Skiers was published in 2022. Her documentaries include A Woman to Match a Mountain (2008) a documentary on Neal Forsling, a Caspeer, Wyo. homesteader, environmentalist, artist and writer. A ski-history documentary accompanies her latest book.

Current projects include Urban Pioneers: Continuity and Change in North Denver, and a digital history of Denver for Oxford University Press. 

Ray Jacquot, a Wyoming native, is a professor emeritus of electrical and computer engineering at the University of Wyoming, with a teaching and research career spanning 41 years. In retirement he is working at assembling the history of climbing in Wyoming and painting some western landscapes. He was an active technical climber for nearly 50 years, hence his interest in mountaineering history.

David Johnson, a project manager at Western Archaeological Services in Rock Springs, has worked in archaeology in Wyoming, western Colorado and northeastern Utah since 1984, specializing in historical archaeology.  He has conducted excavations at sites including South Pass City, the Nevin Homestead in Carbon County and the Carbonera coal mine and townsite in Garfield County, Colorado.  He has also recorded long sections of historic trails including the Overland Trail in Carbon and Sweetwater Counties, the Cherokee Trail in Carbon and Sweetwater Counties, the Lincoln Highway, the Rock Springs to Browns Park Road, the Rawlins to Baggs Road, The Denver and Rio Grande and Rio Grande Western narrow gauge railway in Colorado, and the Opal Wagon Road.

Jeremy M. Johnston, a native of Powell, Wyo., currently works as the managing editor of The Papers of William F. Cody at the Buffalo Bill Historical Center in Cody, Wyo. After graduating from the University of Wyoming, he taught history more than fifteen years at Northwest College and has written a number of articles as well as a photographic history of his hometown.

Loren Jost, author of Fremont County, Wyoming: A Pictorial History (Donning Publishers, 1996), worked for many years at the Riverton, Wyo. Ranger, and now directs the Riverton Museum.

Michael Kassel serves as curator of collections and is assistant director of the Cheyenne Frontier Days Old West Museum.  He is an adjunct professor of history at Laramie County Community College. He is the co-author of Wyoming Airmail Pioneers, (The History Press, 2017.)

Chavawn Kelley earned her Master’s degree in American Studies at the University of Wyoming, where a telegram from Hemingway sits on the mantel at the Cooper House. She first read “The Snows of Kilimanjaro” while sitting by Fremont Lake near Pinedale. She has published more than 50 poems, essays, and short stories in journals and anthologies and is a writer and editor for the University of Wyoming Extension and the College of Agriculture and Natural Resources.

Kevin Knapp was born and raised in Big Horn, Wyoming.  He received a B.S. in anthropology with a minor in Native American studies from Southern Oregon University.  He lives in Sheridan, where he works in The Wyoming Room at Sheridan County Fulmer Public Library and is the director of the Bozeman Trail Museum.

Judy Knight retired in 2000 after a 30-year career teaching in the University of Wyoming Family and Consumer Sciences Department. Now she is part-time collection manager at the Laramie Plains Museum. She writes and edits stories for a local history column that has appeared bi-weekly in the Laramie Boomerang newspaper for the past eight years. They are archived on the website of the Albany County Historical Society. In summers, she enjoys organizing walking tours of Laramie’s Greenhill Cemetery with costumed characters bringing to life some of the stories buried there.

Paul Krza is a longtime Wyoming radio and print journalist and a former editor and columnist on the Casper Star-Tribune. He’s also written for numerous regional and western publications, and now lives in Albuquerque, N.M.

Nicole Lebsack grew up in Newcastle and attended the University of Wyoming. She recently graduated from the University of Missouri-Columbia with a master’s degree in journalism with an emphasis in news editing/design and works at the Wyoming TribuneEagle. Her articles and page designs have appeared in the News Letter Journal and Columbia Missourian newspapers.

Tadeusz Lewandowski is an American academic and author of three monographs, a popular hand-book for Polish students of English, and more than two dozen articles published in periodicals and books in Europe and the United States. In 2020, he won a Homsher Grant from the Wyoming State Historical Society to work on a new biography of Sherman Coolidge.

Professional historian James A. Lowe of TRC Mariah Associates, Inc., was commissioned by the Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office to write extensive material for a SHPO website on the Bridger Trail, which is no longer available. He is an expert on the history and condition of the trail and has published extensively on the route and its history. His book The Bridger Trail: a viable route to the gold fields of Montana Territory in 1864 was published by the Arthur H. Clark Co in 1999.

Stephanie Lowe is a 2011 graduate of the University of Wyoming with a B.A. in American Studies, and served as an undergraduate intern at the Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office.

Mike Mackey has published a dozen books and numerous articles on the history and politics of Wyoming. He is nationally recognized as a scholarly authority on the history of the Heart Mountain Relocation center. He lives in Cody.

Water-law scholar Anne MacKinnon lives in Casper. She is a former editor-in-chief of the Casper Star-Tribune and served from 2003 through 2010 on the Wyoming Water Development Commission.

Jason Marsden is the executive director of the Matthew Shepard Foundation. A Sheridan (Wyo.) High School and Harvard College graduate, he covered a variety of topics for the Casper Star-Tribune as a reporter from 1995 to 2001 and later lobbied the Wyoming Legislature for conservation and wildlife management issues. He lives in Denver, Colo.

Hollis Marriott worked for forty years as a field botanist in Wyoming and South Dakota. Her retirement activities include outdoor recreation, playing music, and blogging at In the Company of Plants and Rocks.

Thaddeus Mast is a graduate of Iowa State University and a reporter on the Laramie Boomerang. He moved to Wyoming in 2014. 

Tom Mast is a freelance writer living in Casper.

Kylie Louise McCormick is a historian in Casper, Wyo. Born and raised there, she returned home after studying in Roanoke, Va.; Berlin, Germany; London, U.K.; and Lincoln, Neb. She holds two BA degrees, summa cum laude, and an MA degree in History. On returning home, Kylie has dedicated herself to education and Wyoming history.

Lucia McCreery is a great-granddaughter of William A. Richards. She has a Bachelor of Arts degree in history, was employed as a reporter, and is at work on a full biography of Richards and a compilation of his surveying diaries.

Rodger McDaniel has written four books including biographies of Wyoming U.S. senators Lester Hunt and Gale McGee. He is a former state legislator and an attorney who currently serves as the pastor at Highlands Presbyterian Church in Cheyenne. Rodger and his wife, Patricia, live in Laramie

Doug McInnis writes about science, business, and history from his base in Casper, Wyo. He has written for the New York Times, Popular Science and scores of special-interest and university magazines.

Nancy Trabing Mickelson is a fourth-generation Wyoming native born in Laramie, Wyo. She attended the University of Wyoming and now lives in Laramie and Sheridan, Wyo. She raised three children and has seven—soon to be eight—grandsons. She began researching paternal and maternal history in Wyoming about 40 years ago. Her goal is to make sure this history is saved for her children, grandchildren and future generations.

Warren Murphy is an Episcopal priest who has served churches in Dixon, Lander, Fort Washakie and Cody. He most recently was director of the Wyoming Association of Churches. He has extensively researched the history of most all the faith traditions in Wyoming.

The National Park Service publishes a wide range of material about the history of the West.

John D. Nesbitt teaches English and Spanish at Eastern Wyoming College in Torrington, Wyo. He wrote his doctoral dissertation (University of California--Davis, 1980) on the classic western novel. Since then, he has published articles on Owen Wister, Zane Grey, Caroline Lockhart, Ernest Haycox, Louis L’Amour, A.B. Guthrie, Jr. and Frederick Manfred, as well as a short book on former Wyoming Poet Laureate Robert Roripaugh. In addition to scholarly work, Nesbitt has published more than 20 western novels and numerous short stories.

Gregory Nickerson lives in Laramie and works as a writer and filmmaker for the Wyoming Migration Initiative at the University of Wyoming.

Ann Chambers Noble and her husband, David, live with their children in Cora on their cattle ranch. Ann is also the owner of the historic Chambers House Bed and Breakfast in Pinedale. Ann is a writer and historian, with a B.A. in history from Bowdoin College and a M.A. in history from the University of Utah. She is the author of the award winning Pinedale, Wyoming; A Centennial History, 1904 – 2004 and Hurry McMurry; W. N. “Neil” McMurry, Wyoming Entrepreneur.

James H. Nottage holds BA and MA degrees in history from the University of Wyoming. He is chief curator emeritus of the Eiteljorg Museum of American Indians and Western Art in Indianapolis and was founding chief curator of the Autry Museum in Los Angeles. Nottage is completing a volume on the history of what is now Wyoming between 1862 and 1866 with a focus on the Oregon, Overland, Bridger, and Bozeman trails and the military and civilian communities associated with them.

Cheryl O’Brien is an author from Dubois, Wyoming. O’Brien’s book, World War II POW Camps of Wyoming, published in 2019, features details, photos and stories about Wyoming’s nineteen POW camps and camp residents. In addition, O’Brien’s article, “Camp Dubois, Wyoming: A Legacy of Literature,” was published in the Autumn 2015 issue of the Annals of Wyoming, The Wyoming History Journal.

Geoffrey O’Gara is a writer and documentary producer based in Lander, Wyo. He is the author of What You See in Clear Water: Indians, Whites, and a Battle Over Water in the American West (Knopf, 2002), and A Long Road Home, Journeys Through America’s Present in Search of America’s Past (Norton, 1989). His documentary about Indian boarding schools, "Home From School" is scheduled for release early in 2020; a documentary on Wyoming's historic role in women's suffrage, "State of Equality", will be released in November, 2019. Contact him at geoff@calderaproductions.com.

Emilene Ostlind is a third generation Wyomingite from Big Horn. She holds a master’s degree in creative nonfiction writing and environment and natural resources from the University of Wyoming and enjoys writing about landscapes, resources and communities in the West. She is public relations coordinator at UW’s Environment and Natural Resources Program. Visit her website at emileneostlind.com.

Dee Pridgen, professor of law emeritus, retired from the faculty of the University of Wyoming College of Law in 2019, after 37 years, where she taught Consumer Protection, Contracts and Antitrust Law, among other subjects.  She served as associate dean of the law school from 2002-2010.  She is a graduate of the New York University School of Law, and received a B.A. from Cornell University.  Prior to joining the Wyoming law faculty, she was a staff attorney at the Federal Trade Commission in Washington, D.C., and also clerked for U.S. District Court Judge Barrington D. Parker.  She is the author of Consumer Protection Law in a Nutshell (5th ed. 2020), lead author of Consumer Law Cases and Materials (5th ed. 2020), as well as lead author of Consumer Protection and the Law (updated to 2020) and Consumer Credit and the Law (updated to 2020).  

Chris Propst is a professor of English and ESL at Western Wyoming Community College, is a member of Wyoming Humanities Council, and holds an MFA in Creative Writing from Texas State University.

Charles E. Rankin is associate director/editor-in-chief for the University of Oklahoma Press, a position he has held for sixteen years. Before that, he was director of publications for the Montana Historical Society and editor of Montana The Magazine of Western History. He earned a doctorate from the University of New Mexico in 1994 and is editor or co-editor of three books, one on Wallace Stegner, another on the Battle of the Little Bighorn and a third on the New Western History.

Tom Rea lives in Casper, Wyo., where he is editor and co-founder, with the Wyoming State Historical Society, of WyoHistory.org. He worked for many years in the newspaper business. The University of Pittsburgh Press in fall 2021 published a new, 20th anniversary edition of his book Bone Wars: The Excavation and Celebrity of Andrew Carnegie’s Dinosaur, which includes a foreword by Carnegie Museum paleontologist Matt Lamanna and a new afterword by the author. Other books include Devil’s Gate: Owning the Land, Owning the Story (University of Oklahoma Press, 2006, 2012) and The Hole in the Wall Ranch: A History (Pronghorn Press, 2010). For more on Tom and what WyoHistory.org is all about, click here to see a half-hour interview on Wyoming PBS.

Phil Roberts is emeritus professor of history at the University of Wyoming.

Steve Roberts, a former member of the Executive Committee of the Wyoming State Historical Society, works as museum manager and research supervisor for the Jackson Hole Historical Society and Museum.

Gerry Robinson is a writer, historian and member of the Northern Cheyenne Nation.  Born and raised on the reservation, he now lives in East Helena, Mont. He has published poetry, short fiction, and nonfiction. His historical novel, The Cheyenne Story: An Interpretation of Courage, is based on the true story of his ancestors and the history of his tribe. It received the 2020 Western Heritage Award for Outstanding Western Novel from the National Cowboy and Western Heritage Museum.

Robert and Elizabeth Rosenberg are historical consultants who have worked in cultural resource management in the Rocky Mountain West since 1975. They founded Rosenberg Historical Consultants in 1985 and have written several articles published in Annals of Wyoming. They authored or co-authored The Medicine Bows: Wyoming’s Mountain Country (Caxton Printers 1985) and Wyoming’s Last Frontier: Sublette County, Wyoming (High Plains Press 1990). The Rosenbergs recently conducted a five-year study of the history of the backcountry trails in Yellowstone National Park; they have also just completed a multi-year study of the early twentieth-century truss bridges remaining in the Wyoming highway system. Both of these studies will be used for future management and preservation of these resources.

Laura E. Ruberto is a professor in the Department of Arts and Cultural Studies at Berkeley City College. She has published widely on Italian and Italian American film, material culture, and cultural theories of diaspora and transnational migration. This article is part of a larger study on the creative work of Italian POWs in the United States. In 2020, Ruberto won a Homsher Grant from the Wyoming State Historical Society for research on Enzo Tarquinio, the Italian-POW muralist.

Casper College communications student Nichole Simoneaux interviewed Charlotte Babcock on March 7, 2012, in the Gateway Building at Casper College.Casper College communications student Nichole Simoneaux interviewed Charlotte Babcock on March 7, 2012, in the Gateway Building at Casper College.

Author of “Give Me Eighty Men:” Women and the Myth of the Fetterman Fight (University of Nebraska Press, 2009), Shannon D. Smith is the executive director for the Wyoming Humanities Council and an author focusing on women in the West. She taught at Oglala Lakota College on the Pine Ridge Indian Reservation for seven years. 

Jonita Sommers was born, raised and lives on the Sommers Ranch south of Pinedale, Wyo. She is a retired school teacher and local historian.

Shannon Sullivan works at the Jackson Hole Historical Society in Jackson, Wyo. Shannon is the Curator of Collections and a Wyoming native with a passion for local history.

Starley Talbott has been published in numerous newspapers and magazines throughout the Rocky Mountain region during her many years as a freelance writer. She is the author of eight books and is a member of Wyoming Writers, Platte County Historical Society and the Wyoming State Historical Society.

Russel L. Tanner has more than 35 years of experience in Wyoming history and archaeology. He is retired from the Bureau of Land Management where he worked for 24 years. From 2000 to 2003 he served as the BLM's statewide historian for Wyoming where most of his work involved historic trails identification and management. He holds an MA degree in American Studies and a BA in anthropology both from the University of Wyoming. Tanner has written chapters in several books including Red Desert: History of a Place, edited by Annie Proulx. 

D. Claudia Thompson is an archivist at the American Heritage Center, University of Wyoming.  She has prepared the papers of judges, journalists, aviators, actors, musicians, miners, and missionaries. Most of her published work can be found in the form of finding aids.  However, she has also written for Annals of Wyoming, Montana: the Magazine of Western History, and American Archivist. She received an M.A. in Librarianship from the University of Denver in 1978, specializing in archives management.

Ryan Thorburn is a sports writer at the Boulder (Colo.) Camera with a degree in journalism from the University of Wyoming. He has written three books — Cowboy Up: Kenny Sailors, The Jump Shot and Wyoming's Championship Basketball History; Black 14: The Rise, Fall and Rebirth of Wyoming Football and Lost Cowboys: The Story of Bud Daniel and Wyoming Baseball. For more information: RyanThorburn.com.

Lillian Turner is a former director of public programs at the Buffalo Bill Historical Center, now the Buffalo Bill Center of the West, in Cody, Wyo.

Dana Van Burgh, longtime science teacher at Dean Morgan Junior High School in Casper and, later, science instructor at Casper College, won the 2014 Henry Jensen Award from the Wyoming State Historical Society for his leadership of the Casper College Western History Center’s oral history project. 

Lori Van Pelt is the assistant editor of WyoHistory.org. She is an award-winning poet, fiction and nonfiction writer who has written books and numerous articles on Wyoming and the West. Her nonfiction books include Dreamers and Schemers: Profiles from Carbon County, Wyoming’s Past (Glendo, Wyo., High Plains Press, 1999); Capital Characters of Old Cheyenne (Glendo, Wyo.: High Plains Press, 2006) and Amelia Earhart: The Sky’s No Limit (New York: Forge Books, American Heroes series, 2006).

Sergio Vedovato, a former senator of the Italian Republic and president of the Province of Novara in the Piedmont region of Italy, is now retired and enjoys writing what he calls “little stories about the family ancestors” for his grandchildren. Batiste Gamara, killed in a Union Pacific coal mine near Kemmerer, Wyo., in 1915, was his great-uncle.

Kim Viner is a sixth generation Laramie native and graduate of the University of Wyoming. He served in the U.S. Navy from 1974 through 1994, retiring with the rank of commander. He is currently a volunteer docent at the Laramie Plains Museum and serves on the board of the Albany County Historical Society. His books include Rediscovering the IvinsonsMelville C. Brown, Frontier Lawyer and Jurist, and West to Wyoming, The Extraordinary Life and Legacy of Stephen Wheeler Downey. The Brown and Downey books  won awards from the Wyoming State Historical Society.

The Washakie Museum and Cultural Center serves as a community arts and cultural center and history museum for the preservation, education, cultural enrichment, and development of the Big Horn Basin in Wyoming.

Samuel Western is a Sheridan-based freelance writer focusing on the economic and demographic history of the West and western communities and locavore food issues. His latest book, Canyons, will be released in August 2015 by Fithian Press

Dan Whipple is a Colorado-based writer who has written extensively about scientific and environmental issues. He is at work on a novel. Sometimes.

Phil White grew up in Cheyenne, graduating from Cheyenne Central in 1963. He received a B.A. in history and a J.D. at the University of Wyoming. In October 1969 he was editor of the Branding Iron, the UW student newspaper, at the time all 14 African American players on the UW football team were dismissed from the team by the coach for wearing black armbands on their street clothes the day before a game. White has worked as a reporter for United Press International, High Country News and the Casper Star-Tribune and has also practiced law in Cheyenne, Jackson and Laramie during his career. He is the author of a book titled Wyoming in Mid-Century: Prejudice, Protest and The Black 14. He and his wife, the former Kathleen Dekanek, a Laramie native, live in Laramie.

Johanna Wickman lives in Casper, Wyo., where she is president of Wickman Historical Consultants, providing historical research and exhibit design services to museums and historians.  She published her master's thesis in 2016 as Lost Forts of Casper.  

Eric Wimmer is an artist, curator and art historian. He wrote his master’s thesis on the Casper Army Air Base murals, Leon Tebbetts: An Artist Who Chose to be Forgotten, for the University of Denver and is the former curator of the Wyoming Veterans Memorial Museum. Wimmer currently lives in Casper, Wyo., with his wife and kids where he works as a freelance artist and as curator of the Nicolaysen Art Museum.

Maria Wimmer is an artist and an art historian. She graduated from The University of Denver with an MA in Art History and is currently teaching at Casper College.

Lesley Wischmann is a writer and historian specializing in the Upper Missouri fur trade and historic emigrant trails. Her most recent book, This Far-off Wild Land: The Upper Missouri Letters of Andrew Dawson was published by Arthur H. Clark Co. in June 2013. She is also a founding director of the Alliance for Historic Wyoming.

Steve Wolff, a retired airline captain with over 23,000 hours flying time worldwide, is an amateur aviation historian with more than a thousand books in his collection. He lives in Lexington, Neb.

WyomingHeritage.org is a project of the University of Wyoming Anthropology Department and the state of Wyoming.

The LSO has commissioned narratives to accompany the composite, session-by-session photographs of the members of the Wyoming Legislature, which hang in the chambers and hallways of the State Capitol. The narratives give brief biographies of a few legislators of interest, along with a compact, decade-by-decade look at the principal issues facing all the lawmakers since Wyoming became a territory.

The Wyoming State Archives collects, manages, and preserves public records from Wyoming state and local governments that have long term administrative, legal, and historical value.

The Wyoming State Historic Preservation Office documents, preserves and promotes Wyoming’s heritage with its preservation partners.

Vickie Zimmer is a Torrington native. She attended Eastern Wyoming College and the University of Wyoming. She has built houses, owned a historic sewing business, and currently owns an independent bookstore with her husband.