Politics & Government
Browse Articles about Politics & Government
|Reeb, James, civil rights martyr||Phil White|
|Van Devanter, Willis, Wyoming U.S. Supreme Court justice||Lori Van Pelt|
|Shoshone Cavern National Monument||Phil Roberts|
|Spirit Mountain Cave||Phil Roberts|
|Mineral Leasing Act, 1970s amendments to||Samuel Western|
|Blizzard of 1949||Rebecca Hein|
|1949, Blizzard of||Rebecca Hein|
|Campbell, John, first territorial governor of Wyoming||Tom Rea|
|Tax, Mineral Severance||Sarah Gorin|
|Mineral Severance Tax||Sarah Gorin|
Politics & Government
From 1942 through most of 1945, about 10,000 Japanese-Americans from the West Coast of United States lived behind barbed wire in tarpaper barracks at the Heart Mountain Relocation Center between Cody and Powell, Wyo. in Park County—one of ten such camps around the nation during World War II. The center was briefly Wyoming’s third-largest town. When hundreds of young men in the camp were drafted into the U.S. military, 63 resisted, feeling they had been denied their constitutional rights. They and seven more leaders of the group were sentenced to federal prison. In the 1980s, Congress passed a law granting an apology and $20,000 to every survivor of the camps.
In 1903, President Theodore Roosevelt included Wyoming in his 25-state tour of the western United States. He spent nearly three weeks in Yellowstone National Park, gave a speech in Newcastle, and on the return leg from California, left the train long enough for a well-publicized horseback ride from Laramie to Cheyenne, and two extra days politicking and socializing in Wyoming’s capital.
Before Glendo Dam could be built on the North Platte River in Platte County, Wyoming, complicated water-rights disputes had to be settled among Wyoming, Nebraska and Colorado and the settlement approved by the U.S. Supreme Court. The process took more than a decade, and shows the difficulties of allocating water in the arid West. The earthfill dam, nearly 2,100 feet long and 190 feet high, was completed in the fall of 1957. It stores water for irrigation and recreation, controls floods, reduces sedimentation in the Guernsey reservoir downstream and produces hydropower.